This blog post is hard for me to write but I must write it for three reasons: First, many Americans first turn to clergy for help with depression. Sadly, The Church has often perpetuated harmful myths about mental illness. Weeks ago, I heard a troubling sermon online by a pastor I trust. He spoke about Robin Williams’ suicide and made some overly simplistic remarks about depression. Second, September is Suicide Prevention Month. Finally, yesterday was the twelfth anniversary of my friend’s suicide. As many Fashionably ill readers know, my friend D’s death was a turning point in my life that led me to seek help. I was diagnosed with bipolar 2 at the age of 18.
My personal experiences and years of working in mental health nonprofit led me to write a diplomatic letter to the pastor who has thousands of people in his congregation. I wanted him to re-address the subject of depression because one in four American adults fight mental illness (or over 61 million people), with depression being the most common type. With suicide as the tenth leading cause of death in the United States and third leading cause of death among young adults, it stands to reason that mental illness is a crisis many of his congregants battle. Christians, like any other demographic, are not immune to mental illness. So far, my email has received no response.
His Incomplete Remarks on Depression
The pastor’s sermon was about generosity. He went on a two-minute tangent about depression, most likely prompted by Robin Williams’ death. He laughed as he struggled to remember the comedian’s name and asked the congregation for help. (I always laugh when I speak about suicide.) Then, he said: 1) Many people with depression are depressed because they do drugs and alcohol. 2) Many depressed people isolate themselves. That was it. No mention of the genetic factors and environmental factors that are often part of depression and substance abuse. (Like mental illness, addiction is considered a “brain disease;” that is the most widely held belief in the scientific community.) No mention of the fact that even when people with mental illness surround themselves with people they love, they can still feel alone. Indeed, that loneliness is part of having a chemical imbalance. No mention that depression is a disease.
3 Myths the Church Perpetuates Mental Illness:
- Myth: Depression is a choice. | Truth: Depression is not a choice. We need to stop talking about mental illness like it is a choice whether that language is explicit or implicit. In fact, Northwestern University has just developed the first blood test to diagnose major depression in adults. The test identifies depression by measuring the levels of nine RNA blood markers. In my unanswered letter, I wrote, “Pastor L discussed depression but never mentioned the fact that some people are born with mental illnesses. I accepted Christ into my heart at the age of five and have never experimented with any alcohol or drugs. But I was diagnosed with bipolar at eighteen–that is a disease a person does not bring upon oneself through his/her actions. It is a disease you are born with…Unfortunately, many Christians think that all depression is a consequence of sin and often they do not get the professional help they need.”
- Myth: Faith means prayer is enough. | Truth: Faith and seeking medical help are not mutually exclusive. A friend spoke to me about how her church gave her grief for seeking professional help for postpartum depression. Here is an analogy: Recently my right foot became swollen due to mosquito bites. I have Myasthenia Gravis and psoriasis; the bites were a serious problem. My doctor cousin treated me. Did asking for medical help diminish my faith? Of course not. (Indeed, last month there were days when the pain of polycystic ovarian syndrome combined with the mosquito-autoimmune complications tested me and I cried out to God for strength. He gives me joy and a peace that transcends my five illnesses.) Similarly, when someone experiences mental illness, seeking psychiatric help does not mean the person has no faith.
- Myth: Taking medication is a sin. | Truth: Getting medical help is taking care of one’s self. Taking prescribed medication is not a sin. The Church does not shame cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy. Likewise, it should not shame people who get treatment for mental illness. Getting help is a wise decision for any sick person regardless of her belief system.
While I once had a pastor who was dismissive of my bipolar disorder, I have also been blessed to know pastors who educated themselves about mental illness and listened to me patiently.
–Your Stylist, Jessica Gimeno
- (800) 273-TALK (8255)
- 800-SUICIDE (800-784-2433)
- American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
Rick Warren launches mental health ministry by Sophia Lee, World Mag
Pope Francis and People with Mental Disorders by Lloyd I. Sederer, MD, Huffington Post
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